Tarawih is an Arabic phrase referring to extra prayers given by Muslims at night in the month of Ramadan. The word taraweeh comes from Arabic word which means to rest and relax. The tarawih prayer can be very long, during which one stands upright to read from the Qur’an and performs many cycles of movement (standing, bowing, prostrating, and sitting). In Ramadan it is recommended that Muslims attend the taraweeh prayers in the mosque (after ‘Isha, the last evening prayer), to pray in congregation.
“The one, who observes the tarawih salah at night during Ramadan with complete faith and devotion only for the sake of the recompense of the hearafter, will have all of his previous sins forgiven by Allah.” (Bukhari, Muslim)
The gentle exercises performed in Taraweeh prayers improve physical fitness, emotional well-being and increase the longevity of the Namazi. When a little extra effort is made, as in performing the Taraweeh prayers, there will be betterment in the endurance, stamina, in flexibility and strength. Islam is the only religion where physical movements of Taraweeh prayers are combined with spiritual exercise. When Taraweeh prayers are practised throughout a person’s life, recurring every few hours or so, trains a person to undertake the difficult task of meditation during physical manoeuvres of Taraweeh prayers in Ramadan, so that the Namazi(one who performs the taraweeh) benefits both from spiritual as well as physical exercise.
Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, has regarded the tarawih salah as a means of the forgiveness of sins.